The Effect Of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) Application On Lifestyle In Hypertension Patients At Royal Prima Marelan Hospital 2022


  • Abdi Kurniawan Purba Magister Student of Magister Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Prima Indonesia
  • Ermi Girsang Magister Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Prima Indonesia
  • Mangatas Silaen Magister Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Prima Indonesia



Hypertension is still a health problem in the elderly group. As a result of rapid development and a prosperous
standard of living and health services can increase life expectancy, so that the number of elderly people increases
every year. This increase in age is often followed by an increase in degenerative diseases and other health problems
in this group. Psychological interventions are believed to be able to change a person's behavior towards a better
direction in disease control and prevention. This study measures the impact of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)
interventions on self-care management of hypertensive patients.This type of research is a quasi-experimental design
with a pretest-posttest and control group design. The research subjects were divided into two groups, namely the
intervention group (35 people) and the intervention group (35 people). control group (35 people). The research was
conducted at the Royal Prima Marelan Hospital in 2022. Data were analyzed using the t-dependent test (α =
0.05).The results showed that in the intervention group there were differences in self-care management of
hypertensive patients before and after being given CBT which included diet (p <0.001; 95% CI -6.663-(-4.796)),
physical activity (p<0.001; 95 %CI -5.344-(-4.370)), and attitude (p=<0.001; 95%CI -13.086-(-10.115)). In the
control group, there was no difference in self-care management of hypertensive patients, including diet n (p= 0.083;
95% CI -0.183-0.012), physical activity (p= 0.058; 95% CI- 0.291-0.005), and attitude T2DM patients (p = 0.094;
95% CI -0.225-0.003). This means that CBT is effective in improving self-care management of Hypertension
patients.It is suggested to the Management of Royal Prima Marelan Hospital to implement routine physical activities
such as hypertension gymnastics in order to prevent hypertension among young people.


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How to Cite

Kurniawan Purba, A. ., Girsang, E. ., & Silaen, M. . (2023). The Effect Of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) Application On Lifestyle In Hypertension Patients At Royal Prima Marelan Hospital 2022. International Journal of Health and Pharmaceutical (IJHP), 3(3), 424–429.




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